Built as a banana boat for the South American trade, she was due to be named Santa Cruz before she was requisitioned by the Kriegsmarine in the spring of 1939 before completion and converted into a merchant cruiser. Carefully moving away she allowed the distance to open, and slipped into the gloom. Although most of the crew were captured by the Armed Raider Michel, her Captain Lowe was rescued and eventually returned to the UK. Two days later lookouts spotted a large tanker which was shadowed until nightfall. Towards the end of the month the Andaman Island group in the Indian Ocean flanking the south of Burma was occupied. There she narrowly avoided destruction when she spotted the American light cruiser Trenton, but Michel managed to slip away without being spotted. It helps me to minimize contact with people and get exactly what I need and when I need it. Torpedoes put and end to the party, and more survivors were plucked from the sea. At one point, in fact, the disguised German merchant raider Michel, running roughshod through the Pacific in 1943, was the sole German warship on the high seas anywhere in the world. They struck unsuspecting freighters and tankers out of the darkness of night or from behind a curtain of fog and mist. On May 10th, 1942, Thor’s Ar 196 was airborne on patrol when it spotted a large liner. Fires broke out and the crew began abandoning ship. 18 officers), 5 prize-officers, (1939) 6 × 15cm L/45 C13 (taken from AMC Widder), 1 x 10,5 cm L/45, 2 x 3.7 cm, 4 x 2 cm, 6 x 53.3 cm. Known to the KM as Schiff 28, her Royal Navy designation was Raider H. She was the last operative German raider of World War II. Thereby on 14/15 March the cruiser and the escorts were repeatedly attacked by British forces, without success. The next raider to been sent on a cruise in Far-Eastern waters was the Thor. Heading back west, in the vicinity of Easter Island Michel spotted a tanker, Again, she was shadowed until nightfall and then attacked. michel michel (hsk-9) was an auxiliary cruiser of the german navy that operated as a merchant raider during world war ii. West - Burma - Rangoon, the entry port for the Burma Road, fell to the Japanese on the 8th. The raider refuelled from the tanker Brake on the 14th of November, and commenced hunting. The German Imperial Navy, before the outbreak of World war one, requested that the major German Ocean Liner and shipping companies. Gumprich survived and was soon assigned to another raider that would arrive in Japan early in 1943. Two weeks later Michel encountered a feighter in the dead of night, and closed quickly to short range before opening up with a devastating salvo that hit the target’s bridge, defensive guns, and lifeboats whilst also starting fires. Almost at the first salvo the tanker, the Norwegian India, split open and a huge fire engulfed the vessel. Instead, he was ordered to Japan. [2] According to the log of the American light cruiser USS Trenton, she had a radar contact which lasted for 15 minutes on the previous day. The Germans retreated when the British ship came in sight but nevertheless both the British and US ships did not see the Michel and thought the George Clymer was attacked by a submarine. In June 1940 she set out on her first cruise in the Atlantic, during which she sank 12 ships for a total of almost 100,000 ton. These raiders were especially successful in the Indian Ocean and the South Atlantic. On fire, the freighter Indus came to a stop and 49 survivors were picked up. On June 23, the SCHLIEMANN met up with the raider MICHEL (which caught me in September) and another German ship named DOGGERBANK. August 16, 2020 She was carrying a valuable cargo of 11,000 tons of oil. There were no survivors. The ship was fitted with six concealed 150mm guns, several smaller anti-aircraft guns, six torpedo tubes, over 200 mines and a single Arado Ar196 floatplane. Thank God now I can order medicines on https://www.carrienet.com/buy-ativan/. Postwar examination of enemy records revealed that the victim was the German commerce raider MICHEL (Shiff-28) which had been preying on Allied shipping in both the Atlantic and the Pacific. She was captained by Kapitan zur See Kurt Weyher. Your email address will not be published. Six days later Michel fired without warning on the freighter Lylepark, which soon caught fire. Location: 34°45'11.42"N, 75°46'0.16"W(34.75317, -75.76671) Depth:135 feet Vessel Type: United States Navy submarine (Porpoiseclass) Length: 298 feet Breadth:25.1 feet Gross Tonnage: 1990 tons submerged Cargo:N/A - warship Built:1936, Electric Boat Co., Groton, Connecticut, USA Owner:United States Navy Date Lost:August 26, 1957 Sunk By:Sank while under tow to the salvage yard Survivors:Unmanned during sinking Data Collected … Finally she was caught up by HMAS Sydney, which Kormoran sank after a vicious fight. MICHEL was the first German raider sunk by a United States submarine in the Pacific. WWI was as much about economics as it was about action. She had 41 crew, 13 Naval Armed Guard, and 5 passengers. Keen to put pressure on the Royal Navy and force it to defend the sea lanes all over the world, the Kriegsmarine had already decided to send more “hilfskreuzer” to prey on British merchantmen in the far reaches of the world’s oceans. This ship was hit several times by shells and at least one torpedo fired by the raider. Embiricos, took off her crew, and sank her with a torpedo. Victims of other German raiders Michel's log for this period was lost (presumably when she was sunk), so information on the following 3 vessels is based on survivors'statements, as well as a war diary reconstructed by the raider's only surviving officers. The freighter quickly went down, with 26 survivors taken aboard Michel. Burma-India, Central Pacific, History Six hours later the Arado returned and initiated a strafing run, as well as unsuccessfully attempting to rip off the ship’s aerials. She was captured by Germans in Poland. The Last Raider Following the exploits of her illustrious predecessors, the career of the German commerce raider Stier came to an embarrassing end. She re-entered the Atlantic and on 2nd January her Ar 196 spotted the British freighter Empire March. Ruckteschell took the opportunity to request his relief, due to ill health, and spent the rest of the war in various Japanese hospitals. She remained there for several days before making an abortive attempt to break out into the Atlantic, which was thwarted by British air patrols. She was in ballast, or empty, but taken as a prize nonetheless. Michel sank the Norse freighter Kattegat (4,245 GRT) on 20 May. Consultations with the Japanese Navy had led to a division of responsibility in the Indian Ocean – I-boats were active in the west, where the British were about to initiate landings on Madagascar. A German prize crew went aboard the liner and repaired the slight damage caused by a sabotage attempt, before both the Nankin and the Regensburg were sent on to Japan. A month later she came across the Greek-registered M.A. Forced to return to port, she finally left France for good on the 17th of January, 1942. Originally the merchant vessel Steiermark, the ship was acquired by the navy following the outbreak of war for conversion into a raider. Although Michel was scheduled to leave at the end of November 1941 she was unable to depart before March 1942 due to reconstruction delays. German Raiders - Raider "Michel" sailed for the South Atlantic and later Indian and Pacific Oceans. Thor underwent a thorough refit at Kiel’s naval dockyard. Goldenfels was powered by two 12-cylinder Single Cycle Double Action diesel engines, built by Bremer Vulkan. Michel then entered the Indian Ocean, after Ruckteschell had a brief ‘discussion’ with his commander in Germany as to the best hunting ground for his ship. The raider was then ordered back to Germany, to the joy of her crew. Despite the crew signalling their surrender, Ruckteschell ordered more fire on the ship which killed several of the crew. In November 1939, she was commissioned as the commerce raider Atlantis. The raiders Atlantis, Orion, Thor, Pinguin, Komet, Kormoran and Michel would in time initiate a real commerce raiding campaign in the Far East. I don’t like going to the drugstores because of all those people crowding there. Thor also had a new commanding officer, Kapitän-zur-See Günther Gumprich. Heading south again, Michel met with the raider Stier and the pair briefly hunted together without success, then split up again. The Michel again closed in to attack. By Jon Guttman It was a gloomy morning that greeted the crew of the 7,181-ton Liberty ship Stephen Hopkins on September 27, 1942. The next evening, Michel found the motor ship Empire Dawn and shelled her to a stop. The final German auxiliary cruiser to reach the Pacific, indeed the last hilfskreuzer to be active anywhere on the world’s oceans, was Schiff 28, known as Raider H to the Allies, and named Michel. The ship tried to flee from the raider, but also fired back with her single gun and transmitted an SOS message, necessitating a running fight which eventually resulted in the target’s gun crew and the radio operator being killed. The delivery guy calls me before his visit, so I don’t get anxious about it. Finally, as the raider’s guns began to find their mark, the captain of the ship – the Nankin – stopped and order his passengers and crew to abandon ship. Eight of these survivors died before the remaining four washed up on Madagascar a month later. The captain of the ship was very professional and apparently cared for his sailors and prisoners. Thor was equipped with six 150mm guns, four torpedo tubes and a suite of anti-aircraft guns. Various other successes followed, as Michel operated in the South Atlantic and Indian oceans. Known as “Schiff 10” to the Germans and “Raider E” to the British, Thor was one of the smallest of the raiders with a displacement of just under 3,800 tons. Administered under the designation Schiff 41, to the Allied navies she was known as "Raider G." At night on the 10th of September, Michel came across and quickly sank the US freighter American Leader. Hilfskreuzer (Auxiliary Cruiser Raider)Thor visiting Japan. Unfortunately, I can not say which raider is shown on the video. She briefly stopped there before heading to Japan for refit, arriving in Yokohama on October 9th 1942. Victims of other German raiders SOME FACTS ON MICHEL:M/S Michel(HSK IX SCHIFF 28) was being built at Danzig for the Gdynia America Line as the fruit carrier Bielskobut was seized by the Germans and launched as Bonnat the end of 1939 (Norddeutschen Lloyd). He was convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison, however he died in prison in 1948. She was also outfitted with two Ar 196s and a light speedboat. Altmark was a German oil tanker and supply vessel, one of five of a class built between 1937 and 1939. They struck unsuspecting freighters and tankers out of the darkness of night or from behind a curtain of fog and mist. Pickings were slim for the Michel and she crossed the entire ocean without encountering any shipping and was off the coast of Chile by late August. Five days later the patrolling Ar 196 came across another target, and attacked with machine guns and bombs. This achieved, a spread of torpedoes was fired, two of which hit the Michel. She was to be the Thor’s last victim. Phantom Raider is worth reading for the simple fact this ship was the most successful German raider during World War II. 10. He was replaced as commander of the Michel by Kapitän-zur-See Günther Gumprich, who had been unemployed since the destruction of the Thor in November 1942. The nearby British AMC Alcantara dashed forward and rescued the crew but the ship had to be abandoned. the German Raider Michel. Whilst moored in Yokohama, disaster struck. First, on April 19th, was the British tanker Patella, whose crew was taken off before the ship was sunk with demolition charges. Michel was to be assigned the South Atlantic area which had been vacated by the Thor, which had moved into the Indian Ocean. The Battle of Midway: the Dive Bomber Attack, The Battle of Midway: The Island Strikes Back. A warning salvo that followed shortly afterwards from Thor convinced captain of the Norwegian motor-tanker Herborg to stop. The ship stopped and began to list, before the Tarpon fired a second salvo of torpedoes which caused Michel to explode. This was another Norwegian vessel, the Ferncastle. Cruising the west coast of Australia, and crossing the Pacific Ocean to the coast of South America, Michel encountered and sank three ships over a five-month period for a total of 27,632 GRT, before returning to Japan. in 1941 by German Raider Ship ATLANTIS and taken to Bordeaux in prize, there to be converted to an auxiliary minelayer. The next raider which spent more than a year at sea was Michel. Michel grounded at on her first attempt to run through the Channel and had to return but managed to reach the Atlantic on 20 March after a second try. ), credited to that raider, may have been the prize of RAIDER "J". Worried that the escapees might report his location, Gumprich then took the Michel south of Australia into the Pacific. Just as modern markets transport goods around the world, so too did the imperial system. In reality, these heavily armed warships roamed the world's oceans at will, like 20th-century pirates. The German deception operation successfully diverted Allied attention to the Far East when genuine Kriegsmarine auxiliary cruisers were actually preparing for operations in Germany. Coordinates: 33°42′0″N 140°08′0″E / 33.7°N 140.133333°E / 33.7; 140.133333, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II shipwrecks in the Pacific Ocean, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/German_auxiliary_cruiser_Michel?oldid=2639419, 2 MAN 8-cyl. With increasing Allied strength and limited opportunities, Gumprich elected to return to Japan. It was the age of global empires, in which colonies supplied the needs of their European conquerors. 39 survivors were fished out of the ocean. Operating mainly in the Atlantic, she also hunted in the Indian. The ship’s crew in turn spotted the plane and prepared for an attack. Had the American cruiser investigated further, is quite possible that the India might have been saved.[1]. Setting sail again on November 30th, Thor benefitted from poor weather that helped her slip through the English Channel before she reached La Rochelle in France. Suspicious, the captain of the Menelaus refused and went to maximum speed to escape. A third British freighter, the Kirkpool, followed on the 10th. This caused some controversy amongst German Navy officers in Japan and at Naval Headquarters, with the Japanese seeming to have a blasé attitude towards possible German survivors. As replacement for her the hospital ship Bonn was converted as AMC and used the weapons of her predecessor. Her second cruise got off to an inauspicious start. Gumprich ordered a northern course to avoid meeting the enemy unit. Built by Danziger Werft in Danzig 1938/39 as the freighter Bielsko for Polish Gdynia-America-Line (GAL), she was requisitioned by the Kriegsmarine at the outbreak of World War II and converted into the hospital ship Bonn and in summer 1941 into auxiliary cruiser Michel, commissioned on 7 September 1941. Survivors were taken off, and the burnt out ship later sank. This being achieved, the target was unable to escape and after a brief shelling was stopped and boarded. 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