Messerschmitt Bf 109. When Pirates Kidnapped Julius Caesar He Laughed at Their Ransom Demands & Told Them To Ask for More, Repelled 30 Taliban: 400 Rounds, Launched 17 Grenades, Detonated a Mine, and Used His Tripod as a Weapon, The WWII Ace Whose Helicopter was Attacked by the World’s Largest Snake, Pull Your Finger Out: The Royal Navy Slang You Never Knew You Were Speaking, USS Nevada Found Off Coast Of Pearl Harbour. Bf-109. The engine mount was brand new and included individual faired exhaust pipes, wings, and fuselage structure that was made of metal while the whole aircraft received a covering of Bakelite skin. This aircraft was the last and the most advanced version of the Yak-9 fighter, which became the pinnacle of development among A. S. Yakovlev's piston-engined fighters. It was actually powered by a liquid-cooled, inverted-V12 Aero engine. Yak-9D with the cockpit moved 0.4 m (1 ft 4 in) to the rear like on Yak-9T, numerous fixes and improvements based on experience with previous versions. Not only was the Thunderbolt one of the main fighters for the U.S. in World War II, but also served with the British, French, and Russians. Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II. Flying a type-T (equipped with a 37mm NS-37 cannon in the nose) he achieved 19 air victories, plus nine shared. A supercharger intake was centered on the top decking of the engine cowling. The Yak was considered to be one of the lightest and smallest aircraft to be used as a major combat fighter from all the other combat fighters that were used within World War 2. Expert analysis of weapons, tactics and technology. Hurricane vs Spitfire: What is a Fighter? Yak-9DD were used primarily to escort Petlyakov Pe-2 and Tupolev Tu-2 bombers although they proved less than ideal for this role due to insufficient speed advantage over the bombers. Initially poor performance due to unreliable engine dramatically improved with adoption of Klimov M-106PV with water injection, with the aircraft reaching 13,500 m (44,300 ft) during testing. Skipping this unusual but vital step resulted in frequent engine seizures during the takeoff roll and initial climb, causing several fatalities during 1950. By simple performance specs, the Corsair wins, hands-down. It was only built from 1941-1945 and was equipped with eight .50-calibre machine guns, four per wing which were absolutely devastating. Fundamentally a development of the robust and successful Yak-7B fighter based in turn on a tandem-seat advanced trainer Yak-7UTI, the Yak-9 started arriving in Soviet fighter aviation regiments in late 1942 and played a major role in taking air superiority over Luftwaffe aces on the new Focke-Wulf Fw 190 and Messerschmitt Bf 109G fighters during the grand Battle of Kursk in summer 1943. Of 2,550 Yak-9s manufactured up the end of 1943, only 383 were lost in combat. Pilots were ordered not to use the engine at combat speed since this reduced its life to two or three flights only. However, in the eastern front, much of the combat happened at low altitudes, and so the Mig 3 was not produced in such large numbers as the other fighters. The Thunderbolt was one of the heaviest and largest fighter planes ever built; it was also only powered by a single piston engine. The Zero was the most produced aircraft for the Japanese during World War II. Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era. The horizontal tail surfaces were slightly reduced in order to afford the aircraft improved pitch control. During December 1943, the creation of a new airframe (Yak-9U) allowed the installation of the M-107A engine, which was more powerful than the previous VK-105PF. The Su-57 is a new Russian fighter aircraft. Pick the best planes and pilots for the job and fly over the cold Russian tundra or sunny deserts of Egypt. Unlike the I-185 the Yak-9U was a much simpler to fly and stable aircraft. From late in 1943 P-51’s were used to escort bombers in raids over occupied Europe and over Germany, all the way to Berlin. Two-seat trainer version of Yak-9M and Yak-9T, Klimov VK-105PF2 engine, armament reduced to 1 × 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK with 90 rounds. The definitive Yak-9 variant, Yak-9U (VK-105) equipped with the new Klimov VK-107A engine with 1,230 kW (1,650 hp), and the 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK with 120 rounds replacing the VYa. An argument could be made that the Bf 109 was the most successful fighter platform of the war. Prototype with Klimov M-106-1SK engine with 1,007 kW (1,350 hp), did not advance to production because of problems with the engine. In 2017 this aircraft received a regular Su- designation. The 109 was the most produced fighter in history, they produced a total of 33,984 airframes from 1936 -1945. It … A look into art and culture’s love affair with the aeroplane. [6] 2748 were produced.[14]. But the Hellcat was more reliable, easier to fly, easier to maintain, etc. When it had a full payload the Thunderbolt weighed around 8 tons; it would carry five-inch rockets or just a single bomb that weighed 2,500 pounds; it could even carry over half of the B-17 which was insane for a fighter plane. Which is not to say that the 109 was the best fighter of the war, but that its design was the most solid and serviceable of WWII. When the B & C models were made of the P-51, they added a Rolls Royce Merlin engine and this completely transformed its performance at high altitude (15,000+ feet) which meant it matched or even bettered that of the Luftwaffe’s fighters. It provided excellent performance due to its power-to-weight ratio, which was extremely high. In addition to being considered on of the finest axis fighter planes of ww2, it was also considered one of the best looking fighter planes of that time. The Yak-9K saw only limited use due to unreliability of the NS-45, airframe performance issues caused by both the NS-45 and larger fuel tanks used on the Yak-9K, as well as a reduction of bombers used by the Germans. [5], January to April 1944 marked the commencement of State trials and revealed that the Yak-9U had a superior top-speed compared to all fighters in service on the Eastern front at 6,000 m (20,000 ft). These modern-built replicas using the Allison engines, have counterclockwise-rotation props, unlike the originals which strictly used clockwise-rotation Soviet V12 powerplants. Slowly but surely it was being replaced by the superior Focke-Wulf Fw 190. The Yakovlev Yak-9 (Russian: Яковлев Як-9) was a single-engine single-seat multipurpose fighter aircraft used by the Soviet Union in World War II and after. By this time, the manufacture of high-strength aluminum alloys was established in the Soviet Union, simplifying aircraft operation and increasing aircraft service life. Some state the FW 190 D-9 was superior even to the British spitfire. This is alongside the Japanese Zero, Soviet Yak-3, North American P-51, German Bf.109 and the French Caudron C.714. As the war went on the FW-190 was manufactured in no fewer than 40 different models. [9], One of the top-scoring Yak-9 pilots was First Lieutenant A.I. See more ideas about wwii aircraft, aircraft, ww2 aircraft. Early test flights in 1943 indicated that the only comparable Soviet fighter was Polikarpov I-185 prototype which was more difficult to fly and less agile due to higher weight. 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The Yak-9 remained in production from 1942 to 1948, with 16,769 built (14,579 during the war). Did not enter production due to poor performance compared to Yak-3 and Yak-9U. It was produced in different variants including the Yak-9T with the 37 mm (1.5 in) and the "large-calibre" Yak-9K with the 45 mm (1.8 in) cannon firing through propeller hub to be effectively used against enemy tanks and aircraft, the fighter-bomber Yak-9B with the inner bomb bay behind cockpit of up to 400 kg (880 lb) bombs, the long-range Yak-9D and the Yak-9DD with additional wing fuel tanks to escort Allied bombers over Eastern Europe, the Yak-9U with the more powerful engine and improved aerodynamics. The F6F was the plane that carried the US on its back all the way to the gates of Tokyo. The rear antenna cable was moved inside a lengthened rear canopy which featured a more aerodynamically refined shape with a modified fuselage deck contour. $4.5 million buys you a P51 Mustang & twenty, yes TWENTY Merlin engines! They had engine problems and interference from top-level officials that kept this amazing machine grounded until 1944. After the Battle of Smolensk, in the second half of 1943, the famed Free French Normandie-Niémen unit became a Groupe and was equipped with the Yak-9. Yak-9T modified with a 45 mm NS-45 cannon with 29 rounds and a distinctive muzzle brake to deal with the massive recoil. The F6F was a very good rival to the Vought F4U Corsair at being a carrier-based fighter. North American P-51D Mustang. With all this the 262 had almost no real effect on the war as a whole, they were placed into actions too late, and not enough of them were ever made. Return to the World War 2 Aircraft by Country Index. To qualify, there's got to be at least one dogfight in the film that involves fighter jets or aircraft. The cockpit was roomy and very comfortable, the pilot had an amazing line of sight. The only way the Allies had a chance of winning were to destroy the planes before they could even get off the ground. The Yak-3 was evenly matched against the German Bf 109 and Fw 190 fighters, but sometimes could also perform the impossible. Yak-9T was widely used against enemy shipping on the Black Sea and against tanks (the cannon could penetrate up to 30 mm (1.2 in) armor from 500 m (1,600 ft), but was also successful against aircraft with a single cannon hit usually sufficient to tear apart the target. As the war went on the FW-190 was manufactured in no fewer than 40 … Bob Tuck (27 kills), Johnnie Johnson (34 kills) and Douglas Bader (20 Kills) were the ace fighters in that battle. Yak-9M with slightly reduced fuel capacity, Klimov VK-105PF2 engine with 925 kW (1,240 hp), and radio and navigational equipment for night and adverse weather flying for PVO Strany. The Yak-9 represented further development of the successful Yakovlev Yak-7 fighter, a production version of the lightened Yak-7DI, taking full advantage of the combat experience with its predecessor. Aug 9, 2018 - Explore P Murphy's board "Russian WWII Aircraft", followed by 434 people on Pinterest. The air battles during World War II were brutal and deadly. The Focke-Wulf FW-190 was widely believed to be the best fighter aircraft of World War II. A series of improvements in performance and armament did not hamper the superb handling characteristics that allowed its pilots to excel at dog-fighting. This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 14:08. In the Battle of Britain, the Spitfire gained fame by having the highest victory-to-loss ratio among British aircraft. The recoil also caused numerous oil and coolant leaks. The F6F was similar to the Wildcat in a few ways but was actually a completely new design; it was powered by a 2,000 HP engine, the same engine that was in the F4U and the P-47 Thunderbolt Fighters. The Mig 3 was the best high altitude interceptor. The Spitfire was also the most produced fighter for the British and was continuously produced throughout the war. The P-51 Mustang Fighter, a North American Aviation, is one of the most iconic fighter / fighter bombers that is single-seated and was used during World War 2. It carried 20mm cannons, and it would become the most important fighter plane in the Luftwaffe. Want to know about one of the greatest Allied fighters ever? Combat usefulness at full range was limited by lack of radio navigation equipment, and a number of aircraft were used as short-range fighters with fuel carried only in inner wing tanks. Yak-9M with Klimov VK-105PF engine, new propeller, and armament consisting of 1 × 23 mm (0.91 in) Nudelman-Suranov NS-23 cannon with 60 rounds, and 2 × 20 mm (0.79 in) Berezin B-20 cannons with 120 rounds. High-altitude interceptor (unrelated to the two other Yak-9P above) with Klimov M-105PD engine designed specifically to intercept Luftwaffe Junkers Ju 86P high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft overflying Moscow in 1942–1943. Its lighter metal longerons gave the new fighter a potential to increase fuel load and armament that previous models with wooden airframe had lacked. [7], The first unit to use the Yak-9U, between 25 October and 25 December 1944, was 163.IAP. Initially poor quality control led to multiple oil and coolant leaks from cannon recoil. It’s the most celebrated US fighter plane during World War II. The oil cooler intake was moved from beneath the nose to the port wing root as well as an enlarged radiator bath being moved further aft under the fuselage. [10] At the end of the war, on 22 March 1945, Lieutenant L.I. The 262 was used in many situations like the light bomber, might fighters and reconnaissance. Nevertheless, in the course of 398 sorties, the unit claimed 27 Focke-Wulf Fw 190As and one Bf 109G-2, for the loss of two Yaks in dogfights, one to flak and four in accidents. Similarly to Yak-9TK could be converted to replace the N-37 with a 20 mm (0.79 in) B-20, 23 mm (0.91 in) NS-23, or 45 mm (1.8 in) N-45. Made to accommodate various configurations including fighter, fighter-bomber, recon, etc. During the Second World War, the airplane proved decisive as one of the most dominant weapon on the battlefield. The Germans began designing this jet-powered aircraft before the Second World War even started. The Focke-Wulf FW-190 was widely believed to be the best fighter aircraft of World War II. The P-38 saw most of its success in the Pacific and China-Burma-India Operations; it was used by the U.S.’ top ace pilots, Charles H. MacDonald (36 victories), Thomas McGuire (38 victories) and Richard Bong (40 Victories). [15] Early problems with overheating were fixed by enlarging the radiators and production aircraft had further improved aerodynamics. The F6F was actually called the “Wildcat’s big brother.”. Also consider WW2 Fighters Ranked-by-Speed, WW2 Bombers Ranked-by-Speed and WW2 X-planes Ranked-by-Speed. It even rivaled the British Spitfire, which is an amazing feat. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. [8], A large formation of the Yak-9DD version was transferred to Bari (the capital of Apulia, in Italy) to help Yugoslav partisans in the Balkans. There was quite a lot wrong with the Me 262 when it was committed to action but most of this was due to the exigencies… Fight over the Pacific Ocean and experience the war from the perspective of American and Japanese pilots. In one dog fight on 16th July 1944, 18 Yak-3s faced 24 German … Soviet pilots regarded the Yak-9's performance as on the same level as the Bf 109G and Fw 190A-3/A-4. Over a period of six years of conflict, from 1939 to 1945, aircraft designs had progressed in leaps and bounds. Even today the Thunderbolt name lives on with the Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II. It was faster than any Allied aircraft including the British Gloster Meteor and it was heavily armored as well. The Yak-9U contributed greatly to Soviet air superiority, and the Germans avoided the Yaks “without antenna mast”. The F6F was, much better at carrier landings, however, which made the Hellcat a very viable option as the main fighter for the Navy in World War II. The prototype Messerschmitt 109 first flew in 1935. The typical armament of the Yak-9U was a 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK cannon with 120 rounds that was fired through the aircraft's hollow propeller shaft, and two 12.7 mm (0.50 in) Berenzin UB machine guns with 340 rounds. It can be seen as a Russian answer to the US F-22 Raptor. The IJNAS would also use the Zero as a land-based fighter. Did not enter production due to introduction of jet aircraft. [5], The first Yak-9 entered service in October 1942 and first saw combat in late 1942. Vybornov. Main visual difference from Yak-9T was in the oil coolers in the wing roots like on Yak-3 and in plywood covering of the fuselage instead of fabric. Top 10 Best Aircraft. 9 Soviet Fighter Planes of WW2 - Some fantastic Airplanes Here Yak-9U with an all-metal wing, Yak-9P in this case was a factory designation different from Yak-9P with two ShVAKs (see above). Shop online for over 900 world war ii airplane model kits at discounts up to 58%.1/40-1/49 Scale is the most popular of the 12 world war ii airplane model kits categories, then 1/70-1/79 Scale, and 1/30-1/39 Scale. It had a counterpart, the Messerschmitt Bf 109, but the 190 became the backbone of the Luftwaffe’s Jagdwaffe (Fighter Force). Yakovlev OKB created 22 modifications of the Yak-9, of which 15 saw mass production. At low altitude, in which it operated predominantly, the Yak-9 was more maneuverable than its main foe, the Bf 109, but was far less well armed. Armament increased to 1 × 23 mm (0.91 in) VYa with 60 rounds and 2 × 12.7 mm (0.50 in) UBSs with 170 rpg. Discuss the list here They were first developed in 1941 but didn’t see service until three years later, 1944. Today, most people view both the Hurricane and Spitfire as some of the best WWII-era fighter aircraft ever made. Flag images indicative of country of origin. Unlike its predecessor, it had all-metal wings with elliptical tips. Two-seat trainer version of Yak-9U (VK-107), armament reduced to a single Berezin B-20 cannon with 100 rounds. Focke-Wulf FW 190 D-9. Pages in category "World War II Soviet fighter aircraft" The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. EXPERIENCE WW2 FLIGHT COMBAT LIKE NEVER BEFORE WW2 air combat game with intuitive controls and user-friendly flight mechanics. Yak-9 armed with a 37 mm (1.5 in) Nudelman-Suranov NS-37 cannon with 30 rounds instead of the 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK, cockpit moved 0.4 m (16 in) back to compensate for the heavier nose. The prototype's top speed of 700 km/h (430 mph) at 5,600 m (18,400 ft) was faster than any other production fighter aircraft in the world at the time, other than the P-51B that could reach up to 710 km/h (441 mph) on military power. It was a low wing, all … the Yak-9 was so good it earned recognition from a German ace, saying it was the best Russian plane he encountered. The Focke-Wulf FW-190 was widely believed to be the best fighter aircraft of World War II. Yak-9 variants carried two different wings, five different engines, six different fuel tank combinations and seven types of armament configurations. From its first appearance in the skies over the battlefields in 1944, the Yak-3 became a true headache for German pilots. Revell-Monogram is ranked #1 out of 43 world war ii airplane model kits manufacturers, followed by Tamiya, and Revell of Germany. It was first used in the Spanish Civil war and even stayed in use until the dawn of the fighter age near the end of World War II; it was still the backbone of the Luftwaffe’s Fighter Force. The heavy cannon installation degraded performance, even more so at high altitudes, sufficiently to relegating the Yak-9K to be used as a heavy fighter and resulting in the need for a fighter escort of Yak-3s. Greater availability of duralumin allowed for lighter construction which in turn permitted a number of modifications to the basic design. Engaging Top (and bottom) 10s including: Greatest fighter aircraft of World War II, Worst British aircraft, Worst Soviet aircraft and many more insanely specific ones. This was a robust craft, and its maintenance was very easy therefore making it liked by all ground crew and pilots. It was powered by a BMW engine and because of this it was able to lift larger loads than the 109, it also allowed it to be used as a night-fighter, day-fighter, ground-attack aircraft and fighter-bomber. This … [citation needed]. The versatile Yak-9 operated with a wide variety of armament for use in anti-tank, light bomber and long-range escort roles. Its only drawback was its altitude capabilities but even still, it dominated the Pacific. [2] The maneuverable, high-speed at low/medium altitudes and easy to control Yak-9 was one of the best and the most mass-produced Soviet fighter of World War II. The Pilots that flew the 262 had 542 confirmed allied kills, though some believe it may have been higher. 808 mph. What's the best fighter plane film you've ever seen? Barely known in the West, the Il-2 Shturmovik played an essential role in defeating the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union. The Soviet Yak fighter (Yakovlev Yak-3) was a Soviet dog-fighter that was used in World War 2. The P-38 was the main fighter in the Southwest Pacific Theater until a large force of P-51D Mustangs was brought in towards the end of the war. As one wag put it, "The Corsair was a better plane, three days a week." A total production of 1,134 aircraft were constructed by December 1944. It was the king of low-altitudes, it will be known forever as the plane that turned the tide in the Battle of Britain. Often incorrectly called the "Me 109," the Bf-109 remains the most produced fighter aircraft … Power countries make an attempt to control the skies and drop bombs capable of destroying their enemy into submission. Did That Actually Happen? Single-seat night fighter aircraft, equipped with a searchlight and an RPK-10 radio compass. Production aircraft carried NS-23 instead of the N-37 cannon as the default armament. [3], Following World War II, the Yak-9 was used also by the North Korean Air Force during the Korean War.[4]. The Zero was hardly the best plane they had in their fleet, that honor is reserved for a much more deadly plane the Nakajima Ki-84. With its engine reliability issues and the Allied attacks of oilfields, this plane became very ineffective in late-war situations. Yakovlev’s Piston-Engined Fighters (Red Star №5) by Yefim Gordon and Dmitriy Khazanov page 65. The 109 was one of the only true modern planes in the war; it included features such as a retractable landing gear, all-metal monocoque construction, and a closed canopy. This new stealthy aircraft was designed intended to replace ageing MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters. Poor handling with a full bomb and fuel load and lack of special aiming equipment limited combat usefulness. Weight of fire: 2 kg/s (4.4 lb/s). In 1944, several Yak-9DD were used to escort B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator bombers attacking targets in Romania using the Ukraine-Romania-Italy routes. Sequels will receive twice as much scrutiny--I really don't want to add Iron Eagle II, III, and IV OR ID4 II. Further changes would include the fuel capacity of the Yak-9U being upgraded to 400 L (110 US gal) and in order to re-balance the aircraft, the wings were moved 9.906 cm (3.900 in) forward and the aircraft's Vlsh-107LO propeller being replaced with the older VISH-105S. Brazilian and Mexican squadrons were given the P-47 instead. He was awarded the Gold Star Medal of the Hero of the Soviet Union in June 1945. The role of WWII fighter aircraft differ greatly from modern fighter aircraft. If you look at Aviation history then you will see that the 109 was one of the best planes of all time. How about two turbocharged engines, range, firepower and the best aerodynamics of the era made the P-38 one of the top choices ever. But by 1943 the introduction of better equipment and tactics made it where the Allied pilots could compete with the Zero. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Turning ability to complete a circle: 23 sec, best Soviet fighter at altitude. Fundamentally a development of the robust and successful Yak-7B fighter based in turn on a tandem-seat advanced trainer Yak-7UTI, the Yak-9 started arriving in Soviet fighter aviation regiments in late 1942 and played a major role in taking air superiority over Luftwaffe aces on the new Focke-Wulf Fw 190 and Messerschmitt Bf 109G fighters during the grand B… No other Allied naval aircraft even came close, after the war the F6F was slowly fazed out of frontline mission but was still used as a night fighter up until 1954.