Data current to 27 Dec 2020. During their service with Bomber Command, Halifaxes flew a total of 82,773 operations and dropped 224,207 tons of bombs, while 1,833 aircraft were lost. The aircraft took off from Snaith to bomb rail installations at Mechelen. Power limitations were so serious that the British invested heavily in the development of huge engines in the 2,000 horsepower (1,500 kW) class in an effort to improve performance. Das Bomber-Kommando verwendete die Halifax bis zum Kriegsende; sie bildeten etwa 40 % der britischen „Viermot-Bomber“; ihr letzter Einsatz erfolgte beim Luftangriff auf Wangerooge am 25. Arthur Harris, the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief of Bomber Command, described the Halifax as inferior to the rival Lancaster, in part due to its smaller payload. None was preserved, and the aircraft seen here has been assembled using parts from a variety of sources. [52], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, Royal Air Force four-engine heavy bomber of WWII, RAF strategic bombing during the Second World War, The aircraft were assembled at Leavesden from components and assemblies manufactured around London. Does anyone know a website that has pictures of the interior of the Halifax and crew … [citation needed], The remaining variants were the Halifax C Mk VIII, an unarmed transport that was fitted with an 8,000 lb/3,630 kg cargo pannier instead of a bomb bay, which could accommodate a maximum of 11 passengers and the Mk A IX paratroop transport, which had space for up to 16 paratroopers and their equipment. Nevertheless, production of the Halifax continued until April 1945. Type O/400 • [citation needed], Other candidates were submitted for the same specification, including the Avro 679, and designs from Fairey, Boulton Paul and Shorts; all submissions were designed around two-engine configurations, using the Rolls-Royce Vulture, Napier Sabre, Fairey P.24 or Bristol Hercules engines. Air-Britain Aviation World (englisch), Dezember 2016, S. 159. April 1945. Handley Page produced the H.P.56 design to meet Air Ministry Specification P.13/36 for a twin-engine medium bomber for "world-wide use." Halifax. The crew under F/O D R McGillivray of the Royal Canadian Air Force was detailed to undertake a navigation training exercise. 16 posts 1; 2; Next; Inside a Halifax Inside a Halifax. It was developed by Handley Page to the same specification as the contemporary twin-engine Avro Manchester. 424 (B) Squadron, RCAF, at Skipton-on-Swale, coded "QB*X". The Story of Halifax NA337. [3] The HP57 was given the service name Halifax upon its acceptance. Favorite See All. Hare • [9] Because of this scheme and other initiatives, the Halifax was manufactured by a variety of aviation companies at sites across the British isles. The Handley Page Halifax was one of the four-engined heavy bombers of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. The Handley Page HP.67 Hastings was a British troop-carrier and freight transport aircraft designed and manufactured by aviation company Handley Page for the Royal Air Force (RAF). Der Erstflug des ersten von zwei Prototypen (L 2.744) erfolgte am 24. It remained in service with Bomber Command until the end of the war, performing a variety of duties in addition to bombing. [25] The Halifax also found itself being increasingly tasked with transport duties around this time; in one instance, around half a million gallons of petrol was delivered to Brussels in support of the advancing Second Army, then engaged in heavy fighting at Arnhem. According to Moyes, within the final few months, bomber losses had fallen to all-time lows while raids were frequently regarded as having been highly successful. Handley Page produced the H.P.56 design to meet Air Ministry Specification P.13/36 for a twin-engine medium bomber for "world-wide use". The aircraft had failed to return from an attack on the Tirpitz in 1942. [51] This aircraft has yet to be located, although its general position is known. Marathon • 963 . As it was incompatible with the Messier equipment, this led to these Halifax bombers being given new designations: a Mark II built with Dowty gear was the Mark V.[12] The use of castings rather than forgings in the Dowty undercarriage had resulted in an increased production rate but had also led to a reduced landing weight of 40,000 lb (18,000 kg). [11][9] At the peak, 41 separate factories and dispersed units were involved in production, along with 600 subcontractors and 51,000 employees, with one Halifax completed every hour. The second aircraft the organization is seeking to recover is LW170 off the coast of Scotland. The son of Mr and Mrs A. Arbon of Peterborough and the grandson of Mr and Mrs Alfred Arbon of Peterborough. [16], The Handley Page Halifax was a mostly orthodox design, a mid-wing monoplane with a tail unit featuring twin fins and rudders. Halifax 57 Rescue is a Canadian organization dedicated to the recovery and restoration of Handley Page Halifaxes. Above the navigator's position was the forward gun turret. [9] The resulting Halifax Group was established to oversee the manufacturing programme, comprising English Electric (who had previously been a valued contributor in the production of the Handley Page Hampden), various firms within the London Aircraft Production Group, Fairey Aviation, and Rootes Motors. 45 photos, including two Halifaxes, four Victors and 'Gugnunc'. Other changes included the adoption of de Havilland Hydromatic propellers and rounded wing tips. On later-built aircraft, the two-gun dorsal turret was replaced by a four-gun Boulton Paul turret. 387–388. 4,000lb and 8,000lb high capacity (HC) bombs, Polish Air Forces in exile in Great Britain, The first "Thousand bomber raid" on Cologne on 30–31 May 1942, The attack on Nuremberg on 30–31 March 1944, The attack on Dresden on 13–14 February 1945, "Halifax aircraft: performance and handling trials: A.& A.E.E/760 13 pts 760a-e 55 pts", "Handley Page Halifax Mk III – Yorkshire Air Museum", "Handley Page Halifax B.MK.II Series I W1048/8465M", "The Story of Halifax NA337 «  National Air Force Museum of Canada", "Support the Recovery of a RCAF Halifax Bomber", "Fishing For Halibags – Retrieving a Halifax Bomber from the Irish Sea > Vintage Wings of Canada", "Bomber Command Museum of Canada – Halifax Project", Halifax at the International Bomber Command Centre Digital Archive, Air operations during the Battle of Europe,, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from March 2017, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2013, Articles needing POV-check from December 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Handley Page Halifax B.III showing the later rectangular fins and, Built by Handley Page. Introduction In the early morning of 24 April 1945, a 16 year old boy living in the town of Hamar on the shore of Lake Mjøsa, Norway, heard an aircraft overhead on its landing approach to the lake. Die Halifax wurde in Großbritannien bei Handley Page, London Aircraft, English Electric, Rootes in Speeke und Fairey in Errwood Park gebaut. Handley Page Halifax "B.2 Series 1 (HR792)" [@ RAF Elvington] Rarely mentioned in the same context as the celebrated Avro Lancaster as a great aeroplane, the Halifax through successive improvements to the basic design became a very able support aircraft to the Lancaster and was the second of the RAF's four-engined “heavies” into service, being preceded by the Short Stirling by three months. [3] Early production Halifax bombers were powered by models of the Rolls-Royce Merlin engine; later aircraft were commonly powered by the larger Bristol Hercules radial engine. Jetstream, Public Record Office (National Archives), Kew, Bestand AVIA 10/311. NOTIFICATIONS > > Inside a Halifax. The Handley Page Halifax is a British Royal Air Force (RAF) four-engined heavy bomber of the Second World War. Effective marking greatly increased the accuracy and destructive power of Bomber Command. HP.111C •, Hermes • Only do this if these links relate to the wiki subject. Hinaidi • [citation needed], The Halifax Mk.I was quickly followed by 25 of the Mk I Series II; these featured an increased gross weight (from 58,000 lb/26,310 kg to 60,000 lb/27,220 kg) but with maximum landing weight unchanged at 50,000 lb (23,000 kg). [9], The bomb aimer's position was in the extreme nose with the navigator's table located behind it, both roles fulfilled by the same crew member. A dedicated civil transport variant, the Handley Page Halton, was also developed and entered airline service. Der bis März 1952 verwendete Typ war neben der Avro Lancaster von 1941 (7377 Maschinen) und der Short Stirling (2380 Maschinen) der zweite von der Royal Air Force geflogene viermotorige schwere Bomber. 102 Sqn. Handley Page Halifax Forum. Perspexnase und rechteckige Seitenleitwerke waren für alle folgenden Halifax charakteristisch. Both the Lancaster and the Halifax would emerge as capable four-engined strategic bombers, thousands of which would be built and operated by the RAF and several other services during the War. Der Bomber wurde in der Nacht vom 11./12. On return they were unable to pinpoint their position after searching for sometime. [27] While some of these Mk VI and Mk VII machines were deployed to the theatre, they played little meaningful role as the war ended before larger numbers could be brought to bear against Japanese forces. [9] In all, 6,178 Halifaxes were built, the last delivered in April 1945. On Friday, 9th February 1945, the experienced crew of Handley Page Halifax MZ980 of 298 Squadron, Royal Air Force, took off from its base at Tarrant Rushton, Dorset. The Handley-Page Halifax v1.0.5 / 01 apr 20 / greg goebel * In the mid-1930s, Britain began programs to develop heavy bombers, with three four-engine bombers -- the Shorts Stirling, the Handley-Page Halifax, and the Avro Lancaster -- emerging in World War II. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "handleypagehalifax" Flickr tag. Nine aircraft were lost during the airlift. Handley Page Halifax. H.P.57) war ein viermotoriger Bomber der Zeit des Zweiten Weltkriegs aus britischer Produktion. Später wurden die Flugzeuge noch mit H2S-Radargeräten versehen. [2] Other candidates for the specification included the Avro 679, and designs from Fairey, Boulton Paul and Shorts; all were designed around a two-engine installation, using the Rolls-Royce Vulture, Napier Sabre, Fairey P.24 or Bristol Hercules. At its peak strength, Bomber Command operated a total of 76 Halifax-equipped squadrons. Another compartment aft of the flight engineer contained two bunks originally intended for resting crew members, but almost always used for treating and berthing injured crew. Handley Page Halifax. By 1947, the majority of Halifax bombers were deemed to be surplus and scrapped. The airframe was melted down and used to construct the ceiling of the RAF Bomber Command Memorial in London, which was unveiled in 2012. Von Handley Page wurden 6178 Halifax in Zusammenarbeit mit verschiedenen Firmen hergestellt, darunter English Electric, Fairey, Rootes Motors und die London Aircraft Production Group. Barton continued to fly the Halifax while other crew members bailed out, he was killed in the aircraft's crash-landing, but the remaining crew survived due to his actions. With No. [18], The pilot (left side) and co-pilot (right side) occupied the cockpit, above the wireless operator. September 1939 in Bicester. Die nächsten Modelle waren die Mk.VI (H.P.61) mit 1675-PS-Hercules 100 und die Mk.VII (H.P.61), die wieder über die Hercules der Mk.III verfügte. [3], Series production of the Halifax began at Handley Page's factory at Cricklewood and at English Electric's site in Samlesbury, Lancashire. The Halifax, one of the primary four-engined heavy bombers in the Royal Air Force’s Bomber Command, is extraordinarily rare today, with just two more or less complete survivors, and another reconstructed around the rear fuselage of a crashed example and the wings from a Handley Page Hastings. The wings came from Hastings, TG536, at RAF Catterick. Hendon • [17] With a typical payload of 5,800 lbs of bombs and 2,242 imp. No survivors. The HP56 was ordered as a backup to the Avro 679, both aircraft being designed to use the underperforming Rolls-Royce Vulture engine. JJ's Girl. The Hastings was powered by four wing-mounted Bristol … 962 . Its operational debut occurred on the night of 10–11 March 1941, when six Halifax bombers flew a bombing raid against Le Havre, targeting the area around the docks and any shipping that might be present. Other candidates for the specification included the Avro 679, designs from Fairey, Boutlon Paul and Shorts; all used twin engines Rolls-Royce Vultures, Napier Sabres, the Fairey P.24 or Bristol Hercules.A four engined wing was still a new idea in British bombers. Halifax. Share. [28] During the type's service with Bomber Command, Halifaxes flew 82,773 operations and dropped 224,207 tons of bombs. The Halifax Mk II Series IA was fitted with a moulded Perspex nose (this nose became standard upon future Halifax variants), a four-gun Defiant-type dorsal turret, Merlin 22 engines and larger, trapezoidal-shaped vertical tail surfaces which solved control deficiencies from fin-stall produced by the roughly triangular-shape original surfaces, leading to rudder overbalance in the early marks. It was developed by Handley Page to the same specification as the contemporary twin-engine Avro Manchester. Barnes, C H: Handley Page Aircraft since 1907, London 1976, pp. [28] The Halifax remained in widespread service with Coastal Command and RAF Transport Command, Royal Egyptian Air Force and the Armée de l'Air until early 1952. SPECIFICATIONS. No thought was given at the time to preserving examples for future generations. Die Mk.II-Serie I wies erste bedeutende Modifikationen auf, indem ein Zwillings-MG-Rumpfrückenturm sowie stärkere Merlin-XX-Motoren verwendet wurden. 6 Group of the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) also adopted the Halifax around the same time, and would go on to operate it in each of its 14 squadrons, although it was never solely equipped with the type. It had a retractable undercarriage and tailwheel. [12], Introduction of 1,390 hp (1,040 kW) Merlin XX engines and a twin .303 in (7.7 mm) dorsal turret instead of waist guns resulted in the Halifax B Mk II Series I. Vereinigtes Konigreich Vereinigtes Königreich. In spite of heavy fire from anti-aircraft defenses, no bombers were downed and the refinery was severely damaged in places. [29], On 25 April 1945, the Halifax performed its last major operation against the enemy during an attack upon coastal gun batteries on Wangerooge in the Frisian Islands of the North Sea. Crashed near Werkendam, Holland. Starting with the Halifax Mk II Series IA and from the Mk III onwards, the nose turret was deleted; instead the bomb-aimer occupied a streamlined perspex nose containing a single hand-held machine gun. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. 5 killed and 2 POW. It quickly became a major component of Bomber Command, performing routine strategic bombing missions against the Axis Powers, many of them at night. HP.45 • [citation needed]. Accordingly, during April 1937, the Air Ministry ordered two prototypes of each design. Halifaxes dropped more than a quarter of all bombs on Germany by the RAF. In 1995 they participated in their first recovery project, that of Halifax NA337 from 750 feet underwater in Lake Mjøsa, Norway. [23] The Halifax was progressively outnumbered in front-line service over occupied Europe as more Lancasters became available from 1943 onwards; many squadrons converted to the Lancaster. III. The type also entered commercial service for a number of years, used mainly as a freighter. Ihr einziger Nachteil blieb die zu geringe Antriebsleistung. The Mk II Series I (Special) achieved improved performance via the removal of the nose and dorsal turrets. The Handley Page design was altered at the Ministry to a four-engine arrangement powered by the Rolls-Royce Merlin engine; the rival Avro 679 was produced as the twin-engine Avro Manchester which, while regarded as unsuccessful mainly due to the Vulture engine, was a direct predecessor of the famed Avro Lancaster. That aircraft was a Halifax Bomber, flown by the Royal Air Force. Aircraft of the first batch of fifty Mk I Halifaxes were designated Mk I Series I. Additionally, specialised versions of the Halifax were developed for troop transport and paradrop operations. Handley Page produced the H.P.56 design to meet Air Ministry Specification P.13/36 for a twin-engine medium bomber for "world-wide use". [28], Throughout early 1945, the Halifax was frequently dispatched against cities within the German homeland, including Hannover, Magdeburg, Stuttgart, Cologne, Münster, Osnabrück and others. [9][20] The existence of the Halifax was not officially acknowledged until July 1941, after it was used in a daylight attack on La Pallice, France, against the German battleship Scharnhorst. [3], Each engine drove a Rotol-built compressed wood constant-speed propeller, enabling the Halifax B.I to attain a maximum speed of 265 mph at 17,500 feet. Crash landed near. Location – In wood off Foxhills Road Scunthorpe. Read More. 1,833 aircraft were lost.[31][32]. [7] Further design modifications resulted in the definitive aircraft, now considerably enlarged and powered by four 1,280 hp (950 kW) Rolls-Royce Merlin X engines. Hyderabad • It had all-metal tapering dihedral wings, which had been designed for the abandoned HP.66 bomber development of the Handley Page Halifax and a circular fuselage suitable for pressurisation up to 5.5 psi (38 kPa). [13][14] Halifax IIs were built by both English Electric and Handley Page; 200 and 100 aircraft respectively. Other candidates for the specification included the Avro 679, and designs from Fairey, Boulton Paul and Shorts; all were designed around a two-engine installation, using the Rolls-Royce Vulture, Napier Sabre, Fairey P.24 or Bristol Hercules. The Halifax was heavily used to deploy mines in the vicinity of enemy-held ports. It was an all-metal low-wing cantilever monoplane with conventional tail unit. The majority of these engines were under development at this point; while four-engined bomber designs were considered for specification B.12/36 for a heavy bomber, wings mounting two pairs of engines were still in the experimental stage and required additional testing at the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE). Der Mitteldecker wurde 1936 aus dem Umbau der H.P.56, die mit zwei Rolls-Royce-Vulture-Motoren ausgerüstet war, nach Spezifikation P.13/36 entworfen, nachdem klar wurde, dass die technisch hochmodernen, aber störanfälligen Vulture-Triebwerke nicht zu befriedigen vermochten. However, these variants were produced in relatively small quantities. Die Auslieferung der Halifax Mk.I begann im November 1940 an Squadron 35. [9] Surface panels were flush-riveted, although the application of the matt black night bomber camouflage probably negated its benefit.[10]. We much appreciate your telegram of congratulation on Saturday night's work, the success of which was very largely due to your support in giving us such a powerful weapon to wield. LV. The final bomber version, the Mk VII, reverted to the less powerful Hercules XVI. The Halifax Mark V were manufactured by Rootes Group at Speke and Fairey at Stockport; operationally, these were generally used by Coastal Command and for training purposes. 433 Squadron and No. B Mk III. First appearing in 1943, the Mk III featured the Perspex nose and modified tail of the Mk II Series IA but replaced the Merlin with the more powerful 1,650 hp (1,230 kW) Bristol Hercules XVI radial engine. Adopting a stronger wing also required additional strengthening of the overall aircraft structure, resulting in an increase in overall weight. Various improved versions of the Halifax were introduced, incorporating more powerful engines, a revised defensive turret layout and increased payload. [3] In September 1937, the Ministry specified the use of four Rolls-Royce Merlin engines; according to aviation author Phillip J. R. Moyes, this redesign to four Merlin engines had been done "much against the company's wishes". Bombing activity became increasingly brazen throughout late 1944 as the Luftwaffe became incapable of putting up effective opposition against them. The Low-cost airline business pioneer Freddie Laker bought and serviced war-surplus Halifaxes for Bond Air Services operations in the Berlin airlift. Four of the seven man crew died. [citation needed] The four-engine redesign increased its wingspan from 88 ft (27 m) to 99 ft (30 m) and added 13,000 pounds (5,900 kg) of weight. 35 Squadron at RAF Linton-on-Ouse. With No. Revell Handley Page Halifax B.Mk.I, II, GR II 1:72 . Zu seinen Aufgaben gehörten viele Spezialmissionen, darunter das Absetzen von Agenten und das Stören von deutschen Funkmess-(Radar)stationen. 35 Squadron and four other squadrons were selected to form the Pathfinder Force, later expanded to become No. The plane was part of RCAF 426 Squadron, and had been shot down near Geraardsbergen during a raid on Leuven, Belgium on 12 May 1944. "[24], Following the invasion of Europe in 1944, the Halifax resumed daylight bombing operations, performing semi-tactical strikes upon enemy troop concentrations, gun emplacements, and strongpoints along the French coastline with a reportedly high degree of accuracy. The defensive armaments included power-assisted gun turrets in various positions located across the aircraft. [8][3], On 17 August 1940, the first flight of the second prototype, L7245, now complete with full armament and operationally-representative equipment, was performed by Cordes from Radlett Aerodrome. Es folgten die Serie II mit höherem Gesamtgewicht sowie die Serie III. (The flight engineer filled in as a co-pilot, seated on a folding seat, during crucial manoeuvres such as take-off.) [6][3] The introduction of the successful P.13/36 candidates was delayed by the necessity of ordering additional Armstrong-Whitworth Whitley and Vickers Wellington bombers first. [3], Towards the end of the year, a full mock-up of the design was assessed; production of a pair of HP57 prototypes commenced in March 1938. Entwickelt von der Handley Page Aircraft Company, wurden von 1940 bis 1946 in verschiedenen Versionen 6178 Maschinen hergestellt. [50] Preparations are currently underway for underwater excavation. On 2 June 1942, in a response to a telegram sent by Frederick Handley Page, congratulating Harris on the success of the first 1000 bomber Cologne raid, he stated: "My Dear Handley Page. It crashed into that lake, killing five of the six aircrew on board. Handley Page produced the H.P.56 design to meet Air Ministry Specification P.13/36 for a twin-engine medium bomber for "world-wide use". Victor, Type W • We Have many opportunities for people and companies to assist in The retoration of these Hisotoric Machines, and Putting them on display for the public. JJ's Girl. Upon the end of the conflict, Bomber Command quickly disbanded the majority of its Halifax-equipped squadrons; the aircraft themselves were transferred to Transport Command. Die Handley Page Halifax (Handley-Page Typ 57 bzw. Introduced into service in November 1943, the Mk III was first delivered to No. It was patented in 1919. [30] While the type continued to fly operations after this, these were primarily diversions to other operations and sporadic, uncoordinated attacks against targets of opportunity. [citation needed], Harris's view of the Halifax changed sometime after spring 1942. [3] The rival Avro 679 proceeded into service as the Avro Manchester powered by a pair of Vulture engines, but was only built in limited quantities after suffering substantially from engine-related difficulties. April 2020 um 08:12 Uhr bearbeitet. [note 1], Production of the Halifax continued, supposedly because it was more efficient to keep building it than to stop its production and convert to building another aircraft. HP.43 • [3] Further requirements of the specification included the use of a mid-mounted cantilever monoplane wing and all-metal construction, and encouraged use of the Rolls-Royce Vulture engine then in development. The Handley Page Halifax is a British Royal Air Force (RAF) four-engined heavy bomber of the Second World War. Please replace links to Wikipedia in this article with links to this wiki. This aircraft ( pictured above ) took off from Breighton at 1804. Handley Page HP 52 Hampden in flight. [27], The only Victoria Cross to be awarded to any Halifax pilot went to Cyril J. Barton of No. The Halifax shared with the Lancaster the major burden of Bomber Command's night bombing campaign over Europe. In September 1997 Halifax 57 Rescue of Canada excavated Halifax LW682 from a bog near the River Dender in Belgium. The Pakistan Air Force, which had inherited a number of Halifax bombers from the RAF, also continued to operate them and become the last military user of the type, retiring the last aircraft in 1961. In the latter capacity, each Halifax was built from various sub-assemblies. Over 6000 Halifax heavy bombers were built. [19], In November 1940, the Handley Page Halifax entered service with No. [4] Handley Page aircraft designer George Volkert had responsibility for the design. In 1945 a war weary country set about dismantling the vast amount of war machinery. This name followed the practice of naming heavy bombers after major towns – in this case, Halifax in the West Riding of Yorkshire. This area led to the two-gun dorsal turret. Buried in Wevelgem Communal Cemetery, … [27] During the final months of the war the improved Halifax Mk VI and Mk VII were introduced. [citation needed], During July 1937, Handley Page was instructed to redesign the HP56 to use a four-engine arrangement, instead of the original twin-engine configuration; by this point, the Vulture had already been suffering from reliability and performance problems. [21], By the end of 1943, No. Hier kann aufgrund der Fülle der Unfälle nur eine Auswahl an Totalverlusten aus der Zeit nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg dargestellt werden (Liste erst begonnen). The Handley Page Halifax was conceived in 1936 as the result of an Air Ministry specification which called for an all metal mid wing cantilever monoplane heavy medium bomber to be powered by two Rolls Royce Vulture liquid cooled engines, these still being in the state of development. Harrow • This Halifax Mk. A transport/cargo version of the Halifax was also produced, known as the Handley Page Halton. [5], In February 1937, following consideration of the designs, the Air Ministry selected Avro's submission, with Handley Page's bid chosen as "second string". On 25 October 1939, the maiden flight of the first prototype Halifax, serial number L7244, was performed by chief test pilot Jim Cordes with E A 'Ginger' Wright as flight test observer; during this flight, the undercarriage remained locked down as an extra safety precaution. Handley-Page Halifax MZ980, 298 Squadron, Donegal 1945 . His company Handley Page Limited was best known for its large aircraft such as the Handley Page 0/400 and Halifax bombers and the HP42 airliner. Such was the promise of the new model that, in January 1938, the RAF chose to place their first production order for the type, ordering 100 Mk.I Halifaxes "off the drawing board", at which point the serials which had already been assigned to HP56 were switched to HP57. [2], During the mid 1930s, the British Air Ministry released Specification P.13/36, seeking a twin-engine heavy-medium bomber suitable for "world-wide use". Upon its introduction to service during September 1948, the Hastings was the largest transport plane ever designed for the service. At the end of 1941, the Halifax was withdrawn from daylight bombing operations after intensifying fighter opposition had increased the casualty rates to unsustainable levels. 466 Squadron. In 1948, 41 civil Halifax freighters were used during the Berlin Air Lift, operating a total of 4,653 sorties carrying freight and 3,509 carrying bulk diesel fuel. He was the Rear Gunner in a Handley Page Halifax Mk III, Serial No MZ593, Code Letters MH-Z. Mai 1948 kam es zur Bruchlandung einer Halifax C.VIII der TAI (Kennzeichen, Am 1. [27] During these months, infrastructure such as oil facilities and railways were given a high priority; these targets were attacked right up until the end of the war. gal. Once the aircraft has been raised, it will be moved to the Bomber Command Museum of Canada in Nanton, Alberta for restoration. With the airfreight market in decline, most of the civilian Halifaxes were scrapped on their return to England. Of the 6,176 Halifaxes built, only three complete planes remain. Halifax Survivors . HP.42 • III bomber,“O” for Oscar, with No. [3], The Halifax was powered by four engines, two spaced evenly on each wing. Hampden • The tail gunner occupied a four-gun turret at the extreme aft end of the aircraft.[18]. During the recovery, the bodies of three crew members were removed and given a proper burial. During the post-war years, the Halifax was operated by the Royal Egyptian Air Force, the French Air Force and the Royal Pakistan Air Force. The last civilian-operated Halifaxes were withdrawn from service in late 1952. Handley Page Halifax Forum. The wireless (radio) operator was behind the navigator's position, separated by a half-width partition. April 1949 (vermutlich in der Nacht vom 31. [33], A number of former RAF Halifax C.8s were sold from 1945 and used as freighters by a number of mostly British airlines. During the excavation, the bodies of three crew members were recovered and later given proper burial. The Halifax featured all-metal construction with a smooth, stressed skin covering the majority of the exterior surfaces; the flight control surfaces were an exception, being fabric-covered instead. While four-engined bombers were considered for specification B.12/36 for a heavy bombe… [12] This was answered by the Halifax Mk III, which was powered by Bristol Hercules radial engines in place of the Merlins.